رویکرد نوین در مهندسی صنایع
شنبه 28 شهریور 1388
Industrial engineering is commonly defined as the integration of machines, staff, production materials, money, and scientific methods. While many current industrial engineers do still deal in these areas, the scope of their work has become more general. Today's industrial engineers work in many more settings than just factories; in recent years, fields like energy and IT have become particularly reliant on the skills of industrial engineers. These flexible professionals may also be employed by:
college degree in industrial engineering is very diverse and,
compared to other engineering
disciplines, very people-oriented. Budding industria
engineers learn to plan, design and implement complex systems for a given industry. They do this by
taking into account every conceivable variable, from budgets to machine capabilities to human imagination
and error. Online degree programs in industrial engineering are increasingly available to working engineers
who want to advance their careers without sacrificing valuable income and work experience by attending
In a nutshell, industrial engineering majors learn to use engineering and scientific principles to design,
manufacture, or improve systems that involve both goods and services. Industrial engineers deal with
how products are created, the quality of those products, and the cost of making the products.
Industrial engineers also deal with the design and workings of the factories that make products. They
design the workstations, automation, and robotics for systems all along the supply chain. Industrial
engineers are often highly involved in any managerial aspects of modern businesses. These duties range from floor manager all the way up to CEO.
In addition, industrial engineers are concerned with employee safety and workplace environments. They
balance the implementation of responsible processes with the other requirements of making a product or
providing a service of high quality.
In today's global marketplace, industrial engineering is fast becoming international engineering. Global
boundaries are diminishing, requiring industrial engineers to be fluent in foreign languages and customs.
International travel could very well be the norm for engineers, as companies expand and conduct more and more business with foreign governments.
Due to the fact that career options are nearly limitless for industrial engineering majors, they must get a well-rounded education. This requires the study of:
In addition, it is wise for the industrial engineering major to
focus on the physical and social sciences, including economics.
Students entering into an industrial engineering degree program should expect to enroll in many of these types of classes:
Although some campus and online colleges offer
associate's degrees in industrial engineering technology,
careers in the field of industrial engineering require a
bachelor's degree at minimum. Since the field is
specialized, and since proper training and education are vital to
the safety of so many people, a
bachelor's degree is usually
required for entry-level positions. Online degrees are rarely
available at this level, since so much hands-on training is
A bachelor's degree generally takes four years to complete. Courses typically include core engineering
classes available to all
disciplines in addition to specialized industrial engineering
A Master of Science in Industrial Engineering is a higher level of education for the engineer who already
possesses a bachelor's
degree. A master's degree often focuses more specifically on
certain areas of
Online master's degrees in industrial engineering are becoming
A doctorate will open the door to careers in college or university
teaching and research. PhD
programs are research-intensive, and
their completion time varies but is not usually less than five
The industrial engineering major can prepare a student for a careers as an industrial engineer, systems
control manager, quality control manager, operations research
analyst, industrial cost
control manager, manufacturing engineering
manager, systems designer, or plant manager, among
graduate work in industrial engineering (the MS or PhD), a
professional may work as an engineering scientist.
Industrial engineers determine the most effective way to
use the basics of any production - people,
information, money, and energy - in order to make a product or
provide a service.
Some of the most productive and successful professionals in the industrial engineering field share many of these common traits:
The industrial engineer provides the key to achieving
the performance goals of ownership or
management. Unlike engineers
in other specialties, the industrial engineer is primarily
increasing productivity through the management of
people, the methods of organization and the available
In order to solve problems encountered in product manufacturing and
service industries, industrial
engineers must study the product and
its requirements. They use mathematical models to figure out
production requirements and to design manufacturing and information
systems. They develop and
manage systems that aid in financial
planning for individual products. This is also an effective method
of cost analysis.
Industrial engineers design financial systems and improve, upgrade,
and reconfigure these systems.
Those engineers on the management
track may also develop wage, payroll, and salary administration
systems and other job performance and evaluation systems. These
engineers are so deeply involved with
every nuance of the corporate
system that they are often the best source for overall company
Health and safety engineers are very similar to industrial engineers. They both deal with the entirety of a
process. Health and safety engineers promote worksite safety and
corporate health by
applying models and systems of the industrial
process. These engineers must be able to recognize and
hazardous situations before they come to pass.
In addition to manufacturing and service industries, industrial engineers apply their knowledge to a variety of industries and positions. An industrial engineering major might work as a:
Industrial engineering graduates might find themselves working on projects like these: